TIFF Merge and Split Utility

 Author: Kerry D. Wong

Complete Source: tiffms_src.zip
Complete Binaries: tiffms_setup.exe
Command-line Only: tiffms_cmd.exe

This application is released under BSD License.


As the name indicates, this utility provides functionality to

1. Extract pages from multi-frame TIFF file(s) (TIFF file that contains multiple pages of images) into single-frame TIFF files.

2. Combine multiple single-frame or multi-frame TIFF files into one multi-frame TIFF file.

This utility comes with a command line executable and a GUI application. The command line version can be used to create automated batch jobs while the GUI version provides user an easy way to manipulate files.


During setup, an Icon is created under All Programs. The default windows looks like:


TIFF files to be converted can be dragged and dropped into the list window. The order of the file list can also be changed by dragging and dropping files to their desired locations (this is useful when combining multiple single or multi-frame TIFFS into one multi-frame TIFF file).

When converting multi-frame TIFF files into single frame TIFF files, multiple input files can be selected, the results will be saved to a folder with the same name as the muti-frame TIFF file with numbers indicating the frame order. For example, if a multi-frame file C:\temp\test.tiff has three frames, the resulting files will be C:\temp\test\test_1.tiff, C:\temp\test\test_2.tiff, C:\temp\test\test_3.tiff.

When converting multiple TIFF files (each file can be either single frame or multi-frame) into a single multi-frame TIFF file, you will need to specify the output file name (including path). In this case, the order at which the files appeared in the list determines the page order in the resulting multi-frame TIFF image.

Command Line:

The default installation folder is C:\Program Files\TIFF Merge Split Utility. And the command application can be launched by TiffMS.exe.

Usage: TiffMS [-h|-s|-o -m] | [-c]
        -h show help
        -s split multi-page tiff file(s) into single-page tiff files
        -o output file name
        -m merge single-page tiff files into a single multi-page tiff file
        -c the configuration file name

        TiffMS -s a.tiff
                split a.tiff into a_1.tiff a_2.tiff …
        TiffMS -s a.tiff c:\temp
                split a.tiff and put splitted files into c:\temp.
        TiffMS -o out.tiff -m a.tiff b.tiff
                Merge a.tiff and b.tiff into a single tiff file out.tiff.
        TiffMS -c test.config
                Merge or split files according to settings in test.config

The last option (-c) makes it easy to manipulate files according to a configuration file. The configuration file is a text file and here are two samples:

1. For splitting files:


SOURCE_DIR = c:\source_dir
DESTINATION_DIR = c:\dest_dir
          1.tif …
          test1.tif …

2. For combining multiple files:


SOURCE_DIR = c:\src_dir
          1.tif …
          test1.tif …
OUTPUT = test.tif

Core Functions Source Code:

        public void ConvertToSinglePageTiffs(string fileName, string destFolder)
            Image image = Image.FromFile(fileName);
            ImageCodecInfo codecInfo = GetCodecInfo(TIFF_CODEC);
            FrameDimension frameDim = new FrameDimension(image.FrameDimensionsList[0]);
            EncoderParameters encoderParams = new EncoderParameters(1);
            encoderParams.Param[0] = new EncoderParameter(System.Drawing.Imaging.Encoder.Compression, ENCODING_SCHEME);
            for (int i = 0; i < image.GetFrameCount(frameDim); i++)
                image.SelectActiveFrame(frameDim, i);
                string fileNameWOExt = Path.GetFileNameWithoutExtension(fileName);
                string newFileName = string.Concat(fileNameWOExt, "_", (i + 1).ToString(), TIFF_FILE_EXTENSION);
                string folder = Path.Combine(Path.GetDirectoryName(fileName), destFolder);
                if (!Directory.Exists(folder))
                image.Save(Path.Combine(folder, newFileName), codecInfo, encoderParams);
        public void ConvertToMultiPageTiff(List<string> fileNames, string outputFileName)
            ImageCodecInfo codecInfo = GetCodecInfo(TIFF_CODEC);
            EncoderParameters encoderParams = new EncoderParameters(2);
            encoderParams.Param[0] = new EncoderParameter(System.Drawing.Imaging.Encoder.SaveFlag, (long) EncoderValue.MultiFrame);
            encoderParams.Param[1] = new EncoderParameter(System.Drawing.Imaging.Encoder.Compression, ENCODING_SCHEME);
            Image image = Image.FromFile(fileNames[0]);
            if (!Directory.Exists(Path.GetDirectoryName(outputFileName)))
            image.Save(outputFileName, codecInfo, encoderParams);
            encoderParams.Param[0] = new EncoderParameter(System.Drawing.Imaging.Encoder.SaveFlag, (long)EncoderValue.FrameDimensionPage);
            FrameDimension frameDim = new FrameDimension(image.FrameDimensionsList[0]);
            for (int i = 1; i < image.GetFrameCount(frameDim); i++)
                image.SelectActiveFrame(frameDim, i);
                image.SaveAdd(image, encoderParams);
            Image[] images = new Image[fileNames.Count 1];
            for (int i = 1; i < fileNames.Count; i++)
                images[i 1] = Image.FromFile(fileNames[i]);
                frameDim = new FrameDimension(images[i 1].FrameDimensionsList[0]);
                for (int j = 0; j < images[i 1].GetFrameCount(frameDim); j++)
                    images[i 1].SelectActiveFrame(frameDim, j);
                    image.SaveAdd(images[i 1], encoderParams);



The default EncoderValue may cause "Parameter is not valid" Exception. Please refer to the latest post for more details.

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  1. Dwight says:


    tiffms_cmd.exe is producing a file, but it appears to be corrupt for some software. Microsoft Office Document Imaging (mspview.exe) throws an error and refuses to open the file. dumptif.exe uncovered following:

    C:\download\tiffms_cmd\out>dumptif out.tif
    dumptif version 1.22, by sfaxtools studio
    Welcome to my dumptif. It’s fully free.
    Developed by Kevin Zhu, sfaxtools studio,2002.10.
    Copyright 2002.10-2004.3.
    All rights reserved.

    Tiff Filename: out.tif
    ———————— Tiff Header ————————
    Byte order: 4949 (/ 18761)
    TIFF/FMF flag: 2a (/ 42)
    Offset Of first IFD: b392 (/ 45970)

    ———————- Tiff IFD (offset: 0x0000b392) ———————-
    number of entries: 14

    FieldTag (Dec) Type count Value or Offset (Hex (/ Dec))
    ——————————– —- —– —————————–
    254( NewSubfileType) 4 1 0 (/ 0)
    256( ImageWidth) 3 1 6a0 (/ 1696)
    257( ImageLength) 3 1 898 (/ 2200)
    258( BitsPerSample) 3 1 1 (/ 1)
    259( Compression) 3 1 4 (/ 4)
    262(PhotometricInterpretation) 3 1 0 (/ 0)
    273( StripOffsets) 4 1 8 (/ 8)
    277( SamplesPerPixel) 3 1 1 (/ 1)
    278( RowsPerStrip) 4 1 898 (/ 2200)
    279( StripByteCounts) 4 1 b37a (/ 45946)
    282( XResolution) 5 1 b382 (/ 45954)
    283( YResolution) 5 1 b38a (/ 45962)
    293( T6Options) 4 1 0 (/ 0)
    296( ResolutionUnit) 3 1 2 (/ 2)

    ———————- Tiff IFD (offset: 0x00018622) ———————-
    number of entries: 14

    FieldTag (Dec) Type count Value or Offset (Hex (/ Dec))
    ——————————– —- —– —————————–
    254( NewSubfileType) 4 1 0 (/ 0)
    256( ImageWidth) 3 1 6a0 (/ 1696)
    257( ImageLength) 3 1 898 (/ 2200)
    258( BitsPerSample) 3 1 1 (/ 1)
    259( Compression) 3 1 4 (/ 4)
    262(PhotometricInterpretation) 3 1 0 (/ 0)
    273( StripOffsets) 4 1 b440 (/ 46144)
    277( SamplesPerPixel) 3 1 1 (/ 1)
    278( RowsPerStrip) 4 1 898 (/ 2200)
    279( StripByteCounts) 4 1 d1d2 (/ 53714)
    282( XResolution) 5 1 18612 (/ 99858)
    283( YResolution) 5 1 1861a (/ 99866)
    293( T6Options) 4 1 0 (/ 0)
    296( ResolutionUnit) 3 1 2 (/ 2)
    Read IFD Error: error of directy entry numers!

    —————————— Summary ——————————
    Compression Mode: 4=Group 4 Fax
    Total Pages: 1
    —————————— END ———————————-

  2. Ben says:

    I am having a problem with view the tiff after the program has run. It says it is still open and that I cannot open it. Any advice?

  3. Derek says:

    Hi Kerry, thanks for writing this. I got the CMD version working. I do get an error in Microsoft Office Document Imaging that the file can’t be opened on the same PC that it was created on, but it opens on others. Strange but I’ve got some workarounds in place. Thanks again.

  4. serg says:

    Kerry D. Wong! I`m from Russia. Thanks for this project, because it`s so necessary for documentation creation process.

  5. vishal says:

    Hi Kerry,

    I have used your command line utility successfully for files without spaces and it works like a charm.

    But it does not work where file name has space in it.

    i.e. if i need to merge two files
    sample 12.tif and sample 45.tif
    and the merge file name is: sample 78.tif

    then this does not work in command line prompt.

    Any suggestions?

  6. Satti says:

    Hi Kerry,
    I am looking for solution to merge multiple tiff files to one on my company’s website.
    Please give me an advice, can I use your source code to get this done.
    I am very new to .net.
    Any detail advice will be highly appreciated.


  7. Eric in Calgary says:

    Hi Kenny!

    I am trying to use your utility to merge two .tiff files, but get the following error message. I am using the command line, with the following command:

    C:\Program Files\TIFF Merge Split Utility>TiffMS -o out.tiff -m final.tiff final

    Can you see where I might be going wrong? Both .tiff files (final.tiff and final2.tiff) are in the C:\Program Files\TIFF Merge Split Utility directory. Thanks!

    Unhandled Exception: System.IO.FileNotFoundException: final.tiff
    at System.Drawing.Image.FromFile(String filename, Boolean useEmbeddedColorMan
    at System.Drawing.Image.FromFile(String filename)
    at KerryWong.TiffMS.Utils.MSUtils.ConvertToMultiPageTiff(List`1 fileNames, St
    ring outputFileName)
    at KerryWong.TiffMS.Program.ProcessCommandLine(String[] args)
    at KerryWong.TiffMS.Program.Main(String[] args)

  8. Eric in Calgary says:

    I placed the program files into a c:\tiff directory –> not sure if that’s what you meant by the problem perhaps being a “space in your path.” I also enclosed the file names in quotes. Is that what you meant?

    C:\tiff>TiffMS -o “out.tiff” -m “final.tiff” “final2.tiff”

    Same error message, I am afraid. :(

    • kwong says:

      I took a look at my original code (it has been a long while), anyway, you will need to supply a path to your output file. For instance:

      TiffMS -o c:\temp\out.tiff -m final.tiff final2.tiff

      Could you give that a try?

  9. Junior says:

    This is a great tool and works great. Unfortunately, if I use 2 bmp files in grayscale the resulting file is completely black. It’s like the colors were inverted. What was black is now white and what was white is now black. Have you experienced something like this? I first take the 2 bmps and convert them to tiffs using the Image.Save function.

  10. Hassane says:

    I used your code but I think there is a memory leak that happens when input directory has many tiff files.
    My program creates multipage files of every 500 input files, so the images[] array is created every call of the ConvertToMultiPageTiff methode, and here I have a very important memory consomation by the app.
    I solved the issue by createing a simple Image object instead of a Image[] array that I still don’t know its utility.
    Thank you for your code.

  11. Yong Hwee says:

    Hi Kerry,

    Tried combining 2 *tif files and the result was a merged *pdf file. Is there an option for the output to be in *tif?

  12. Reggie says:

    Hi Kerry,

    I’m using the command line version and have trouble when I combine many TIFFs into one multipage TIFF. Sometimes I have a need to combine as many as 125 single page TIFFs into one. Is there a maximum that I am exceeding?

  13. Luiz says:

    Kerry, in one of my computers I cannot make it work, although it works on other computers.

    I am issuing the following command line:
    c:\apps\tiffms.exe -s “c:\temp\TSScantemp.tif” “c:\temp\process-tiff”

    Have you seen that error before? Any guess on how to resolve it?

    Unhandled Exception: System.ArgumentException: Parameter is not valid.
    at System.Drawing.Image.Save(String filename, ImageCodecInfo encoder, EncoderParameters encoderPara
    at KerryWong.TiffMS.Utils.MSUtils.ConvertToSinglePageTiffs(String fileName, String destFolder)
    at KerryWong.TiffMS.Program.ProcessCommandLine(String[] args)
    at KerryWong.TiffMS.Program.Main(String[] args)

  14. David says:

    I was unable to get the program to work on Windows 10 either via the gui or command line.

    My solution was to use the program GSCAN2PDF which runs under Linux. It’s an open source program which allows simply drag, drop and save to a variety of formats…tiff, pdf, image, etc.

  15. Matt says:

    Hello – great program. I’m trying to use the command line version of your program in a batch and if I accidentally send a single page tiff to it, it throws an error. Any way to just get it to report back that it’s already a single page tiff and exit?

  16. Bishwo says:

    when i used the TIffMS -o out.TIF -m 1.TIF 2.TIF i got the exception saying Path cannot be empty string or all whitespace. idk whats wrong. i have TiffMS and the MSUtils.dll in the same folder as the other 1.TIF and 2.TIF files. trying to merge them together.

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